делот пакети

Wholesale orders are NOW available, here are the complete list of FM radio station equipment that is available with best prices from FMUSER:

 

#1 Complete FM radio station equipment packages: mostly consists of the broadcasting equipment listed above, mainly divided into FM transmission equipment such as FM transmitters, antenna system and FM radio studio equipment such as mixer, audio processor>> Повеќе.

#2 Complete FM transmitter packages: high quality FM broadcast transmitters packaged with best FM radio antennas, transmitters are optional from low power series (≤50W), medium power series (≤50W - 1KW) and high power series (≥10KW), while antennas are optioanl from different types (dipole, ground plane, etc.) with multiple bays. Cables & accessories are for extra charge. Best for high power FM radio station, drive-in church and drive in theater>> Повеќе.

#3 Complete FM antenna systems: single / multiple bays of FM antenna with antenna cables & accessories, best for FM tower mounting, optional from FM dipole antenna, circularly polarized antenna and ground plane antenna, always in stock. >> Повеќе.

#4 Complete FM radio studio equipment packages: best studio equipment, optional from the microphone, audio mixer, audio processor, broadcast desks, etc. These low cost equipment will be perfectly matching with your FM transmitter station, and can constantly work for a long time in an FM radio studio. >> Повеќе.

 

These broadcast equipment packages are well fit for public and commercial FM radio staitons, for example, campus radio stations, community radio stations, town and rural radio stations, etc. Generally speaking, the FM broadcast transmitter is the first choice for most buyers, for a high-quality FM broadcast transmitter can determine not only the audio output quality, but also a costant broadcasting service life for your radio station, by using multi-bay FM antennas, you are also able to extend the broadcasting coverage. If you are looking for long term cooperation on radio broadcast equipment supply, FMUSER will be your best option for personal or business needs. In addition, customized orders for any radio broadcasting equipment are always welcomed, please ask for details when you need one, you can get the best offer from FMUSER. We provide FM radio station equipment with different specs, such as 1KW FM transmitter, 2-bay diople FM antenna, and so on. Please contact us if you are looking for something not listed above. FMUSER is a top manufacturer engaging in the world production and supply of radio broadcast equipment, with product series from complete FM transmitter packages, high quality FM antenna system, FM transmitter station packages (FM transmitters with antenna) and FM radio studio package (audio mixer, audio processor, etc), best quality & best prices as always. 

How to Build an FM Radio Station? A Step-by-step Guide

 

Низ годините ангажирање во бизнисот со опрема за емитување, забележавме дека многу корисници, и покрај трошоците, времето итн., би сакале да ја имаат својата прва FM радио станица или да го ажурираат она што веќе го имаат во станицата, но сепак има значителен број клиенти кои не се толку запознаени со тоа како успешно да изградат комплетна радио станица за лична/комерцијална употреба.

  

Секогаш нѐ прашуваа: „Дали имате список со опрема за радиостаници што треба да се наведе?“, па, одговорот е „Секако дека имаме“. Доставуваме евтина опрема за радио емитување од предаватели до антенски системи! Се разбира, има и други слични прашања како „Која е цената“ или „Како да се изгради“ за ажурирање и проширување на опремата. Еве список на најчесто поставувани прашања што FMUSER често ги добива од клиентите:

  

- Do you provide a complete FM radio station equipment list?

- Каква опрема треба да купам за да стартувам радио станица?

- Која е цената на профитабилна радио станица?

- Колку видови на опрема за емитување има во стручна радио станица?

- Која е опремата што се наоѓа во радио станица?

- Зошто ми е потребен списокот со опрема за радио станица?

- Како да се дефинира опрема за радио емитување?

- Дали нудите евтина опрема за радио станица за продажба?

- Кој е комплетниот пакет опрема за радио станица?

- Како да се прошири покриеноста на мојот FM радио предавател?

- Каде да го најдете најдобриот производител на опрема за радио станица?

- Каде можам да ја купам најдобрата опрема за радио станица?

- Како да се избере најдобрата опрема за емитување меѓу различни брендови?

- Може ли да купам какви било пакети со опрема за емитување по ниска цена?

- Која е најдобрата цена што можете да ја понудите за антенскиот систем?

  

You can easily find the answer if you Google questions like "The best hotel near my house" or "Where is the gym nearest", but for business issues such as "Best radio station equipment" or "Best radio equipment supplier", it would be more difficult to find the answers because it not only involves related brands but also reflects your mastery of radio professional knowledge.

 

You may be totally puzzled by parts of the content such as the SNR value of a branded series of FM transmitters, or the specific names of cavities of an FM combiner, etc.

 

So this guide will introduce you in the most concise language about how to build a complete radio station and key points you need to consider, and we will share some extra equipment links to help you build a complete radio broadcast station.

 

Чекор #0 Things You Should Know Ahead

Поставувањето радио станица не е толку лесно како што изгледа. Можеби ќе треба да размислите што да емитувате на радио програми и колку постојани трошоци можеби ќе треба да инвестирате. Меѓутоа, ако вашата радио станица работи правилно, може да добиете и значителен долгорочен приход. Затоа, пред да ја изградите вашата прва радио станица, треба да се фокусирате на следниве клучни точки:

  

Чекор #1 Preview the Local Policies 

Покрај проучувањето на најдобрите типови надоградби за радио станица, посветете повеќе внимание и стекнувањето на политиките на локалната радио администрација (на пр. FCC во САД) навреме може да помогне да се избегнат високите казни за прекршоци и да ви помогнат да формулирате соодветни стратегии за конкуренција. што е тесно поврзано со многу последователни инвестиции, на пример, трошоци за работна сила, трошок за примена на лиценца за радио станица, такси за вода и електрична енергија, трошок за уредена содржина на емитување или трошоци за време, трошоци за напор итн.

  

Чекор #2 Choose Your Radio Station

Тоа може да биде збунувачки за почетниците на радио со главните типови на радио емитување: AM, FM, ТВ и IP. Но, лесно е да се види огромната разлика во акумулираните буџети и опремата потребна за овие четири типа на емитување. Затоа, ве молиме од самиот почеток придавате големо значење при изборот на тип на радио станица да започнете, запрашајте се: дали може целосно да ги задоволи вашите потреби? Колку буџет останува? Секогаш не заборавајте да го земете предвид типот на радио станицата, тоа помага во стабилното работење на вашата станица можеби неколку децении.

 

Чекор #3 Аплицирајте за лиценца

Откако ќе имате севкупно разбирање за ресурсите што ги имате, зошто тогаш да не преземете некои неопходни чекори? Аплицирањето за деловна лиценца од авторитетна радио администрација е најважниот чекор во создавањето радио станица. Она што треба да направите е да ги разберете разликите во различните радио станици и на нивните лиценци и да се подготвите пред официјално да аплицирате за лиценца - добивањето одобрение за FM бенд ќе остане долго и незгодно.

  

Како што споменавме порано, LPFM и HPFM се два типа на мејнстрим станици на традиционално емитување. Изборот на кој било од овие два методи, LPFM или HPFM, неизбежно ќе наиде на проблемот како да се одржи профитот на радио станицата.

  

Ако изберете станица LPFM за радио емитување, не можете да испраќате каква било форма на платено рекламирање до вашата публика (LPFM е непрофитно копнено емитување). Но, радио станицата со мала моќност FM емитува различни аудио програми, вклучувајќи музика, вести, јавни работи итн.

  

Иако не можете да се вклучите во платено рекламирање, наместо тоа, можете да се вклучите во преземање, што ви овозможува да прифаќате корпоративни донации и да ја изразите вашата благодарност за овие донации за време на емитувањето. Бидејќи покривањето на радиодифузијата на LPFM радиото е многу ограничено и обично се појавува во форма на емитување во заедницата, затоа, специфичната стратегија за профитабилност зависи од локацијата на вашите слушатели.

  

Ако ја изберете радио станицата HPFM, воопшто не треба да се грижите за емитување платено рекламирање, бидејќи овие профитабилни комерцијални операции можат да прифатат рекламирање и да имаат поширок избор во однос на средствата и програмите. Сепак, потешко е да се добијат деловни лиценци за радио станици HPFM и тоа најчесто оди со повисоки трошоци за аплицирање.

  

Чекор #4 Schedule Your Radio Affairs

 

If you have submitted your radio license application to the local radio administration, what else can you do except for waiting for approval?

 

Let's take over those inner affairs! To FMUSER, a radio station is like a company. As the decision-maker of this "company", you will be facing a lot of trifles such as what to broadcast tomorrow or how to make my station popular.

 

The following are six practical rules summarized by FMUSER according to the customer feedback of some self-built radio stations:

  

Step #5 Operate legally and avoid heavy penalties

 

No one wants to be severely punished by the local radio administration for illegal operation, especially when you have invested tens of thousands of dollars in the cost and countless energy for the radio station, you can't even give up this business directly!

 

Therefore, always remember to apply for a license, prepare all paper material that needs or will be needed to submit, and fill in the application info according to the actual situation to avoid affecting the healthy operation of the radio station

  

Step #6 Always remember to invest reasonably

 

The construction plan of a radio station startup requires a lot of funds (if you always want everything to be top-level), including the purchase cost of professional broadcast equipment, radio studio space rental cost, warehouse rental cost, utility cost, salary cost, etc.

 

These factors need to be carefully considered, If any of these factors are missing, you may be in great trouble, Therefore, finding your strategic partners stands above all especially in the initial stage of radio station construction.

 

Of course, you can also choose to rent existing space and equipment (such as a radio tower and studio) for FM broadcasting, it is a great strategy, but not recommended for a newly formed radio station due to the over-high cost. Well, the choice is yours!

 

Чекор #7 Интегрирајте ресурси и изградете тим

 

Besides buying broadcast equipment, you also need to place them and of course, find someone to use the equipment.

 

Do you want to do this alone? This is obviously impossible!

 

You will be needing a technician for the broadcast equipment maintenance; You also need several radio experts who are responsible for editing radio programs and on-field work for live broadcasting, etc. So go get some radio broadcasting talents to your startup schedule.

  

Чекор #8 Ексклузивен бизнис план за вашата радио станица 

 

What else do I need to know except for the station buildup cost and local radio policies? You may also need to decide how to make a real broadcast station.

 

Is it a small, low cost but low-profit LPFM radio station you're going to build or a large and highly profitable commercial / HPFM radio station or other types of radio stations on planning, these decisions are closely related to your cost, which also makes great influences on your radio program types in the next few years.

  

Some additional factors should be considered as well, such as:

 - The terrain surrounding your radio station, is it flat or hilly, a flat terrain allows a better broadcast antenna coverage for the broadcasting

 

- Are you going to build a tropics radio station? If yes, then you need to consider the weather things such as humidity and high temperature. These factors may bring negatives and increase the cost input to your radio station buildup, especially for the cost of choosing the best radio station equipment.

 - How do I gain a better review from my radio programs?

 

 - итн.

 

You will meet all kinds of problems during radio station construction. It is unwise to fight alone, you then need some cooperation at this point.

  

Fortunately, as an expert in professional radio station buildup, FMUSER provides complete radio station turnkey solutions and low cost radio station equipment for radio buyers with every budget.

 

What's more, online real-time support is also available, from structural planning of your radio station to management of each small step needed to be taken before and after the radio station buildup.

  

Looking for complete radio stations and studio equipment packages? Contact our RF experts and let us know your needs and budget, and get the latest professional FM radio station setup project from FMUSER Broadcast. 

 

11 Key Broadcast Equipment in an FM Radio Station

 

#1 Studio Transmitter link Equipment

 

This includes digital STL system (IP STL or STL over IP) consists of live streaming encoders and decoders, parabolic antennas, network switch, and other devices such as generator, audio&video input lines, etc. While microwave STL consists of STL antenna, STL transmitter&STL receiver. The STL system is used to connect your studios with the transmitter site and ensures audio transmission quality.

   

#2 FM Radio Transmitters

 

Key equipment to build a basic FM radio station, made to process FM signals and sent to broadcast antennas

   

#3 FM Broadcast Antenna System

Including the broadcast antennas, antenna feedlines, coaxial cables, cables connectors, and other antenna accessories. The antenna system is as important as the FM transmitters. With more bays of antenna comes with additional antenna gain so as to reach a more effective transmission

   

#4 FM Combiners for Antenna

 

Due to the high cost of multiple antennas and limited space of the broadcast tower, an FM combiner could dramatically reduce the cost of the FM transmission system by taking the output power from the power amplifier and put them together into one FM antenna array.

   

#5 Antenna Waveguide dehydrators

 

Also known as radio air compressor, it is an important piece of equipment used to provide dry and compressed air to the rigid transmission lines, which is commonly seen in the large radio stations

   

#6 FM Power Amplifiers

 

Used to grab the signals from the FM Exciter and expand to the power that is legally applied by you

   

#7 FM Stereo Generators

 

Functions by pre-emphasis and low-pass filtering, an FM stereo generator is used for external FM audio processing system, to help reduce the influence of receiver mixing caused by multipath and transfer the complete AES MPX composite baseband to the exciter. To summarize, an FM stereo generator is a converter that can receive signals(audio) and transfer them into FM baseband format.

   

#8 Composite Stereo Audio Switchers

 

Switching equipment used to switch stereo audio between FM stereo generators (if with multiple)

   

#9 FM Exciters

 

Devices used to grab the audio signals of the FM Stereo Baseband from FM Stereo Generator or Composite Stereo Audio Switcher

   

#10 Broadcast Antenna Switches

 

A device used to switch between the broadcast antennas that are applied with other transmitting broadcast equipment such as radio transmitter and receiver.

   

#11 RF remote control

 

An easy-handling wireless device used to release RF remote instructions to the broadcast equipment (no need for aiming directly at the equipment), plus,  in case of multiple broadcast antenna systems, it monitors the RF transmitting system and gives out warnings when the system went wrong.

6 Common Backup Equipment in an FM Radio Station

 

1. Air conditioners

 

to provide cool air for the equipment and of course the best radio experience for your guests  (especially for studio room and engineering room).

  

2. UPS-от

 

Known as uninterruptible power supply (UPS), this is a kind of electrical backup equipment used to protect hardware equipment in a radio station when an accidental power interruption takes place. To reach that, a UPS provides enough emergency power and can be applied not only for a small place like an office but also for a large suburban area. Common lasting time for a UPS will only be few minutes (based on output power), but it is far enough for the generator technical  maintenance.

  

3. Electricity Generators

 

A piece of equipment used to produce electric power transformed from mechanical energy and supply to the radio station

  

4. Furnitures

 

To provide free space for different applications, e.g. the desk space for putting studio broadcast equipment like microphone and audio process, the lounge space for radio guests, etc.

  

5. On air device

 

includes on air light and on air clock. In an expert radio studio, an on air lamp is a light-warning device that can be mounted on the wall, mainly used to cause attention to people who might break unintentionally into places where you're live broadcasting (and ruin your plans by chance).

 

And of course, it is also an important device to display your how professional your station is and to remind everyone to be quiet on the live broadcast scene. while the on-air clock is a piece of information reminding device functions by time&date display, count-down timer, advertisement interruption, etc.

  

6. Studio Acoustic Wedges Foam

 

A foam panel made from polyurethane/polyether/polyester and cut in the shape of the cuboid, usually used for soundproofing in a radio studio by attenuating airborne sound waves, reducing their amplitude so as to control noises.

3 Mostly Used Softwares in an FM Radio Studio

1. Audio Content Processing Software

For example, the third-party automation and playout software used for audio processing: podcasts playing, audio signals mixing, audio equalization, and audio compression, etc.)

2. Automatic Broadcast Schedule Software

Most applicable to 24 / 7 live broadcast.

3. Audio Streaming Software

These software will be used when you want to real-time intervene or to live broadcast all programs.

What is Broadcasting and How it Works?
 

Дали сè уште го користите радиото? Ако живеете во некои развиени области, паметните терминални уреди како што се мобилните телефони и компјутерите веќе станаа дел од секојдневниот живот, но во некои неразвиени области, уредите за емитување како FM радио приемници се исто толку важни како и храната.

  

Некому значи ЗОШТО, но одговорот е прилично лесен: во земји и региони со заостаната инфраструктура, животниот стандард е ограничен, а радиото е обично единствениот начин за забава. Во тие неразвиени земји и региони, користењето на радиото сè уште има многу предности, на пример, радиото работи како информативен медиум со најниска цена, исто така е најприменетиот забавен начин што опфаќа најмногу публика.

  

Уште повеќе, радиото е еден од најдобрите канали за пренос на информации кои имаат висок квалитет и ја контролираат ефикасноста во превенцијата од пандемијата COVID-19. Локалните градски радиодифузери или општинските радио станици можат да емитуваат информации за превенција од епидемија на локалниот јазик, што им помага на локалното население да го научи „Како и зошто“ COVID-19 и да им додаде доверба на слушателите преку овој најлокализиран метод на културна комуникација.

  

Радиото е само мал дел од безжичното емитување, најважно е радио станицата - како место за пренос на сигнал. СОВИД-19 се влошува, емитувањето на радио во заедницата, радио емитувањето во населените места и услугите за бесконтактно радио емитување, како што се црквите и театрите со возење, станаа една од најбезбедните форми на забава во најразвиените и неразвиените земји и региони. „Можеме да направиме повеќе отколку само да се молиме наоколу.

 

Common radio broadcast - led by LPFM (small&private) broadcasting, including HPFM broadcasting (large&commercial), AM broadcasting (still in use), TV broadcasting (very expensive)

  

Ново радио емитување - предводено од дигитално емитување (IP студио), е новонастанат стриминг медиумско емитување на Интернет.

  

Едно е сигурно за радио станиците од развиените земји и области: до експертска радио станица, со повеќе трошоци за опрема секогаш ја прават станицата повисоко професионално ниво.

  

Дали ова функционира исто за неразвиените земји и области? Апсолутно не. Имаме многу клиенти од неразвиените земји и области. основна опрема на радио станица, како што е FM радио предавател со ниска моќност, неколку антени за емитување, додатоци за антени и пакети со опрема за студио, итн. се сè што се бара за нивното стартување на радио емитување. Овие клиенти обично доаѓаат од заедниците во некои мали градови, тие емитуваат радио преку градовите или соседните заедници кои се во близина на нивната радио станица. Тие стекнаа значителна популарност преку локалното радио емитување со радио опрема што чинеше само десетици илјади американски долари, што е многу помалку од она што беше напишано во планот за стартување на нивната радио станица.

  

Значи, професионалното ниво на радио станицата до која се емитува не значи и толку за локалните слушатели. Што значи многу тогаш? - Има радио програми што треба да се емитуваат и луѓето можат да слушаат преку радио приемник значи многу.

  

Некои клиенти од развиените земји имаат повисоки буџети и бараат најдобар квалитет на производите. Тие ги фаворизираат комплетните решенија за радио станици клуч на рака со повисока цена, а вклучената опрема за емитување може да се примени во некои големи радио станици, како што се некои градски радио станици или регионални радио станици.

  

Ако имате помал буџет и треба да поминете само неколку милји, опремата за радио емитување LPFM може добро да ги задоволи вашите потреби; Ако имате доволно добар буџет и сакате да ја зголемите вашата покриеност на повеќе од десетици милји, радио станиците HPFM можат да бидат добар избор

3 Main Types of FM Radio Station Equipment

 

За FM радио емитување, списокот за проверка на опремата за комплетна FM радио станица вклучува три основни типа на опрема за емитување:

 

#1 Common Backup Equipemnt

Applicances such as the air conditioner, fans, or furnitures such as the desks and chairs

  

#2 FM Transmission опрема

Most applied in a radio engineering room for radio broadcasting to the end-users.

#3 FM Radio Studio Equipment

 

- Most applied in a radio studio as front-end audio processing equipment

- Most applied in a radio studio to input audio signals of radio programs delivered by the host or guests.

 

If you want to broadcast audio programs with high quality on the radio frequency, then having the best radio broadcast equipment is still necessary.

 

Don't forget the product performance and buying cost-related info. The most important thing is legal radio broadcasting, which requires operating under rules established by local radio administration, such as radio permission or broadcast band requirement. A basic LPFM radio station may need fewer big brands broadcasting equipment than a commercial FM radio station do (cause with a higher cost), but even so, creating a checklist for complete broadcast equipment still means a lot for either radio station type, which also works for AM and Digital radio broadcasting.

 

What equipment do I need to start an FM radio station?

 

#1 FM Transmission Equipment

 

- FM Broadcast Transmitters

- FM Antennas System (FM radio antennas with accessories such as cables)

- Studio to Transmitter Link Equipment (STL transmitters, STL receivers, STL antennas)

 

#2 Audio Processing Equipment

 

- Microphone Processor

- Audio Processor

- USB Mixer Console

- External USB Soundcard(if you want to do live broadcasting or live recordings)

- FM Tuner

- Talent Panel

- Button Panel (GPIO-General Purpose Input/Output)

 

#3 Audio Input Equipment

 

- Microphones

- Headphones

- Headphones distributor

- Boom Arm

- Pop Filter

- Microphones Stand(Mic Arms)

- Broadcast Windscreen

- Active Speakers Monitors

- Monitor Audio

- Near Field Monitors

- Sound Level Meters

- CD player

- Speakers (Cue/Preview Speaker&Studio Monitor Speakers)

 

#4 Guest Equipment

 

- Radio Intercommunication Device: also known as radio intercom or radio interphone, it's a communication tool used as a dependent telephone network system in a radio station.

- Live call Equipment: used to make live calls by Phone or GSM, it is also known as Phone Talkback System

- Audio backups: CD Players, DAT Machines, Mini Disk Players, and Turn Tables, etc.

- Audio Inputting Equipment: Microphones, Headphones and Pop Filters, etc.

 

#5 Rack room equipment

 

- Компјутер: used to send precise control instructions and ensure the stable and safe operation of the radio station equipment, often serves in form of rack-mounted server in an FM radio station

 

- Хард диск за складирање на аудио: a solid-state storage device in radio broadcast stations used for sorting or processing or audio items that are ready for broadcast, tips: always remember to have a mirror backup of your drive. Mirror backup is one of the most convenient and fastest backup methods. When you delete a file from the source, the file will eventually be deleted in the mirror backup and no need to compress any content (because the mirror backup is actually a precise copy of all the content on the computer)

 

- KVM проширувач: A KVM extender is known as KVM Switches, PC Switches, Server Switches, and CPU Switches, while KVM stands for keyboard, video, and mouse. It works in a way of capturing peripheral input signals, then enables users to control 2 or even more computers with only one keyboard and mouse. The KVM extender helps decrease confuses caused by insufficient desk space due to the simultaneous use of multiple keyboards and monitors by the end-user.

 

- Аудио микс мотор: an audio merging device used to provide comprehensive monitoring of all system-wide commands (communication center for all IP-based peripherals). The most common types have multiple IP, audio, power plugins, and routing and mixing functions.

 

- Аудио рутер: an audio receiving and switching device that deliver audio input from specific equipment and turn them into correct audio outputs.

 

- Аудио В/И јазол: a method to make a round trip for analog or AES signals transfer to IP packets, which allows you to configure the routing by a web-based interface through multiple inputs and outputs (most nodes do have).

 

- Студиохаб: it usually refers to Studiohub wiring standard for the connection of analog and AES audio over RJ-45 audio connectors or RJ45 to balanced/unbalanced audio cable wiring. PS: The “RJ” in RJ45 is the abbreviation of Registered Jack, which is a standard designation originally found in the early 1970s for telephone interfaces by the USOC (Universal Service Ordering Code) scheme of the Bell System

 

- Network Patch Bay: a wiring device that uses cables to interconnect the network computers in the local area network and connect to the outside lines including the internet or other wide area networks (WAN). As a device used as a static switchboard, the Network Patch Panel can be used to interconnect and manage fiber optic cables and connect all devices through the Network Patch Panel and Cat6 cables. The patch panel can provide simple and accurate wiring management for the network, and its great flexibility reduces the difficulty of technical fault maintenance: when content needs to be changed or fails that need to be fixed, there is no need to rewiring or to move any equipment, and a technical fix-up can be also be easily reached.

 

- Аудио кабел: an audio connection line used to transfers audio signals (analog/digital) from the audio source to the receiving end such as a speaker. The most commonly used cables are analog RCA cables, which were also called a jack, cinch, and coaxial (originally named based on their construction or connectors instead of types)

 

- Punch-down Block: a cable termination device,where wires are connected into individual slots, it is common in telecommunications, but it’s also found a lot in older broadcast facilities.)

 

- Мрежен прекинувач: an important managing block (optional from hardware-based devices for physical networks management or software for virtual management ) used for the connection of multiple network-based devices such as computers, and some internet of things (IoT) devices such as wireless inventory trackers. A network switch works differently from a network router: it sends data packets between devices instead of sending them to the networks, which enables a communicating freeway for information share between connected devices. Plus, the use of a network switch helps manage traffic either coming into or exiting networking and keeps electrical signals undistorted, etc.

 

- Мрежен рутер: or a default gateway, known as a switching device mainly used for internet access: to send and receive data packets on computer networks by a direct connection to a modem through cable wiring, it is also used for coupling networks or VPN connections. A network router works differently from a Network Switch: it sends data packets to the networks instead of sending them between devices, which helps choose the best route for the "magic travel" of information share (personal &commercial) between global computer networks, and of course, to keep the information safe from IT hacking, threatening, etc.

 

- Аудио процесор за емитување во воздух: a piece of multi-band audio processing equipment applied with radio broadast transmitter in a radio station, most used to manage the peak modulation of the transmitter by control the clipper (bass clipper and master clipper) and digital MPX Stereo Generator. An FM audio processor is also used for audio input enhancing, for example, customize air sound can make a special signature voice for a commercial radio station.

 

- RDS кодер: a device that can transmit FM radio signals, RDS signals (digital information) such as brand information, audio program information, and other information of the station. RDS is abbreviated from the radio data system, which refers to a European Broadcasting Union (EBU) communication standard, this standard created a higher level of signal quality and spectral purity for the FM transmission of an FM radio station, and it also creates a fully digital environment for the radio station operators.

 

- Телефонска хибридна опрема: A telephone hybrid is mainly used to enable to record or broadcast a conversation between a caller and a presenter or use live callers or reporters for radio broadcasting. A Telephone Hybrid equipment is known as a broadcast telephone hybrid or telephone balance unit or a telephone fork, which provides an interface between a standard telephone line and a mixing console and converts between two-wire and four-wire forms of bidirectional audio paths. The use of Telephone Hybrid equipment realizes an easy turnover between the telephone and mixing console, therefore it is very suitable for use on location, besides, it can also reduce not only the calling cost but also the risk of VoIP telephone and traditional analog phones, and create efficient management even in the peak load time.

 

- PABE (Private Automatic Branch Exchange): an automatic phone switching system managed by private organizations, which is built to meet the needs of multi-lines for in-house and outside calls. PABE is abbreviated from private automatic branch exchange, it is one of the needed private solutions for a radio station. PABE allows a cost reduction of using public telephone networks because internal calls can be placed for free with only a few public telephone lines. PABE also optimize the internal communication inside a radio station, with few buttons made to be pressed can a simple call to each other from inside.

 

- FM Off-Air приемник: an FM radio system that is mostly seen in pro radio stations and regulatory authorities, which is used to monitor the signal during the radio program or to deliver a high-quality audio feed for program distribution throughout the broadcast facility with adjustable analog and AES digital audio outputs. The use of an off-air receiver lowers the cost of separated monitoring of multiple radios, and respectively increases the quality and continuity of the regular monitoring.

 

- Систем за мониторинг: a device functions by FM radio monitoring and measurement, which enables repeated FM multiplex signals to be reproduced and transferred between different devices with a built-in digital filter. A good Modulation Monitor / FM Analyser usually allows GSM Connectivity via the optional external GSM Modem, so as to have easy monitoring of channel status or receive audio signals through your mobile phone at any time and space.

 

- Сервер Rack: a metal-made closed space structure used to store, rack broadcast equipment of more than 6 units (optional from 1-8 units). A server rack can be stacked or extended due to its versatility, and the most common types of server rack are 1U, 2U, and 4U (8U is optional but less seen), for a large radio station, a 19″ case serve rack is the most ideal model for the rack equipment. The use of a server rack helps reduce the use of floor space for the radio broadcast equipment, simplify equipment wiring and technical maintenance, consolidate the limited resources among the tiny rack space, for example, to centralize cooling airflow, organize a much expandable inner space, and a better and easier interfaces integrated management, etc. The rack server also ensures a better working environment: to protect the tech guy from being harmed by accidental bumping or touching of high voltage electricity stream of the equipment, cables, etc.

 

- IP аудио кодек: an audio device used for audio signals converting (analog to digital), audio encoding, and storing. Audio signals will be sent over both IP networks (wired broadband) and wireless broadband networks (3G, 3.5G, and 4G) by IP audio codecs which use audio compression algorithms. IP audio codecs are most applied in distance distribution and high-quality audio signals transmission, for example, remote IP audio broadcasts and audio distribution for multiple STL links (studio to transmitter links or STL links) or networks/stations/affiliates/studios.

 

- Емитуван сателитски ресивер: a piece of radio broadcast equipment used to satellite audio program receiving, and audio distributing one-to-many through the network of communication satellite, radio signal, outdoor FM antenna, and broadcasting center. The satellite receiver is commonly seen as one of the most key equipment of audio distribution applications, with types divided into HD receiver, general receiver, digital receiver with recorder, and encrypted channel receiver. The use of the stateliite receivers realizes the versatility of a high-quality audio broadcast.

 

- DAB+/DRM/HD радио енкодер: a hardware encoding equipment that is used to transmit the AES or analog audio streaming in the proper transport protocol in the field of DAB+, DRM, and HD radio broadcast transport. A hardware encoder is designed with a smaller and portable box, it works more stably and has a lower buying cost than an open-source software encoder. PS: DAB+ is a new radio broadcast standard of Digital Audio Broadcasting used in many countries and regions, originally defined by the WorldDAB Forum. DAB+ works incompatibly with DAB, which means the DAB receiver cannot receive DAB+ radio broadcasting. In terms of efficiency using for radio spectrum, DAB is better than analog FM broadcasting, DAB can provide more radio services for the same given bandwidth, for it usually uses the spectrum more effectively and is stronger than mobile listening noise and multipath fading than analog FM broadcasting, although FM provides a wider coverage area, the radio signals are weakening as well. Other global terrestrial digital radio standards include HD Radio (Mexico & the U.S.), ISDB TB (Japan), DRM (Digital Radio Mondiale), CDR (China), and related DMB. About DMB: it refers to "Digital Radio Mondiale", while Mondiale refers to "global" in Italian and French. DRM is a set of digital audio broadcasting technologies used in the frequency band working for analog radio broadcasting such as AM, short wave, and FM.

 

- Audio Patch Bay: a wiring switching hub used to centralize inputs and outputs of different pieces of audio equipment. An audio patch bay is mostly placed in a rack server in a radio rack room, which allows a better technical maintenance condition and ideal hardware management (no need to move for plugging over and over again ) through audio signals rerouting, most importantly, it lowers the equipment replacement cost: less replugging and unplugging almost avoid equipment interfaces wear&tear, which means a longer product life expectancy. There are three basic types of audio patch bay, which are parallel patch bay, half-normalled patch bay, and normalled patch bay, most audio patch bays consist of panels with rows of interfaces used for audio input and output on it, while two rows on the rear, and two rows on the front. The audio patch bay can be applied with other audio equipment such as an audio processer, audio mixer, etc.

 

- Тишина за откривање на опрема за „мртов воздух“.: a device that can detect the dead air situation, controls the sound level of audio input for the radio station, and send a silence warning via email, SNMP, or analog optocoupler outputs. Silence detector is most seen in professional radio stations and TV stations and can be easily be applied with other broadcast equipment. About dead air: dead air refers to an unintended interruption (usually out of sound) or a period of silence in media broadcast with no signal, audio, or video is transmitted mostly because of bad program material or operator error or for technical reasons. Radio dead air may be seen as the worst thing ever to be expected especially for expert radio broadcasting. To the station owner, dead air can bring considerable losses in many aspects, for example, the loss of sponsored advertising revenue and online listeners. Delegation Switcher(to switch between studios and other audio sources, selecting what goes to air)

 

- Одложување на емитувањето: a tool used by broadcasters in way of delaying the broadcast signals to prevent mistakes or unacceptable content from being broadcast such as sneeze, cough, or a short comment needed from the host, the broadcast delay is also known as profanity delay, it offers enough time (from a half minute to even few more hours) for the broadcasters to censor the audio (and video) profanity or other unqualified content for the broadcast, and remove them at once in case any negative influences. Broadcast delay is mostly seen in radio broadcasting and TV broadcast, like live-sport, etc.

Why You Need to Maintain Your FM Radio Station?

 

Како да се одржи таа скапа опрема за емитување во FM радио станица? За раководителот на радио радиодифузната станица, секое оштетување на опремата значи дека треба да се платат дополнителни трошоци за одржување. Значи, за да се задржи одржливиот и здрав развој и секако да се намалат трошоците, мора да се одржува/проверува таа опрема неделно, квартално или годишно за радио станица.

 

Со наведување на практични референтни информации како што се основните принципи и стандарди за работа на опремата, овој дел може да обезбеди опширно корисно искуство за одржување и мерки на претпазливост за одржување на FM радио станицата, вклучувајќи ја опремата на системот за пренос на FM и опремата за студио FM радио.

 

Овој дел е исто така одличен водич за одржување што се користи за да се спречи било каква штета на опремата за радиодифузија предизвикана од стареење на опремата и неправилно работење итн. и ги обезбедува мерките што треба да се преземат пред и по основањето на некои радиодифузни станици, кои можат да се користат како референца за стационарот однапред да донесе одлуки за дијагноза на дефекти.

 

Знајте дека поради различната опрема за пренос на RF на секоја локација за емитување, методите за одржување можеби ќе треба да се прилагодат на реалните услови и овој дел е само за референца.

 

This may be a common misunderstanding of many radio station operators:

 

1. Broadcasting equipment is too expensive to maintain

2. Maintenance is unnecessary for it may cause damage to the equipment.

 

However, is this really the case? The fact is: the more expensive and sophisticated broadcasting equipment, the more periodic inspection and maintenance should be carried out.

 

Firstly. regular maintenance can also extend the maximum service life of the equipment in your station, for the buying expense for some broadcasting equipment is quite amazing.

 

With reasonable maintenance, the radio station does not need to frequently change that expensive broadcasting equipment, which helps the radio station save a huge expense for replacing the same new broadcast equipment.

 

Next, for some newly established LPFM radio stations, if a longer product service life or higher quality audio signals transmission for the broadcast equipment is wanted, then it will be quite essential to have periodic maintenance of radio station equipment.

 

Lastly. the most important thing is that, whether it is a new station or an old station, regular maintenance for equipment and transmitting site can help maintenance engineers predict some fatal problems that may affect the broadcast station in advance, and make timely remedial measures to prevent problems before they occur.

 

This can ensure that, for example, when your radio transmitter suddenly burns out due to negligence of maintenance or the aging of the components, which causes the radio program to stop playing, your radio program listeners may be complaining and then switching to other programs on different radio frequency and evitably leaves with a bad radio experience: this may be more terrible than the lack of start-up funds!

 

Секогаш внимавајте дека неправилното работење, одржување и поправка може директно да доведат до оштетување на опремата за емитување, па дури и да ја загрозат животната безбедност на персоналот за одржување на опремата.

 

Затоа, за повеќето новоформирани радио станици, покрај периодичната проверка и одржување на опремата за радиодифузија, ќе се обезбеди и потребна обука за одржување за персоналот да ги стекне потребните знаења и вештини за одржување и секогаш да се бара правилно да ги користи алатките за одржување, така што тие може да врши целокупно континуирано одржување на радио станицата неделно, месечно, квартално или годишно.

Common Maintainance Checklist for FM Radio Station

 

Ако сте премногу зафатени за да ги читате тие долги прирачници или ви требаат само информации за одржување на клучот, не може да биде лошо да одвоите неколку минути за брзо да ги прелистувате следните резиме и совети за одржување на радиото:

 

Предмети кои мора да се знаат

 

Внимателно прочитајте ги упатствата за употреба за да се уверите дека можете целосно и безбедно да ракувате со опремата и да ги чувате упатството за употреба подеднакво за идна референца.

 

Во случај да се појават потешкотии при ремонт на опремата, ве молиме работете правилно според упатствата или предадете ја на инженерот за одржување или консултирајте се со производителите на опремата на станицата

 

If your radio station equipment encounters any of the following situations, please pull out the plug or turn off the main electricity switch in advance and contact maintenance engineer personnel in time.

 

1. If the device made any different noises, or suddenly stop working, or has uncommon instructional light flashings or else that goes against its normal working condition.

 

2. If the device is get damaged in either of the circumstances: dropping, damping, burning, exploding, corrosion, rust, or any other force majeure.

 

3. If the device is dropped or damaged in any way.

 

4. If the device exhibits significant performance changes

 

5. If the equipment is exposed to rain or water.

 

Поврзување со линија

 

1. Напојување: Before purchasing any electrical appliance (including all types of broadcasting equipment), please identify its voltage, power supply type, and other parameter information related to the "electricity" in advance. When you buy some radio equipment suppliers from other countries, different products need different voltages because different countries use different power transmission systems. This may lead to different types of power supplies and power ports (you can often see some words such as 220V on the backboard of an FM transmitter).

 

Ако не можете да разликувате навреме или не знаете како да разликувате по нарачката, подобро е да го контактирате добавувачот на опрема за замена на производот или услуга за враќање. Можете исто така внимателно да ја прочитате релевантната содржина во упатството за производот за да се осигурате дека преземате иницијатива во комуникацијата со услугите по продажбата.

 

2. Заштита на кабел за напојување: the power cord shall be routed so that it will not be trampled or clamped by objects placed on it or leaning against it. Pay special attention to the wires at plugs and convenience sockets and their positions to exit the equipment.

 

Електрични линии: the external antenna system shall not be located near overhead power lines or other lights or power circuits, or where it may fall into such power lines or circuits. When installing an external antenna system, take extra care to avoid touching such power lines or circuits, as touching them may cause your death.

 

преоптоварување: do not overload wall sockets or extension cords as this can cause fire or electric shock.

 

Заземјување на антената на отворено: if an external antenna or cable system is connected to the equipment, ensure that the antenna or cable system is grounded to provide some protection against voltage surges and accumulation of static charges.

 

Обработка на опрема

 

чистење: Always remember that any extra liquids or cleaners such as aerosol do no good for the cleaning of the appliance, but a soft cleaning cloth with a bit damp sounds better!

 

додатоци: do not use accessories that are not recommended by the equipment manufacturer because they can be dangerous.

 

Внимателно ракувајте со опремата. Грубото ракување, брзото запирање, прекумерната сила и движењето на нерамни површини може да предизвикаат паѓање или оштетување на опремата.

 

Вентилација: Always leave proper air passing space for the radio equipment to avoid overheating, this means DO NOT leave your station equipment in some tiny and blocked areas, and leave those air vents wide open instead of closely placing them in front of some hard surfaces such as a wall or a bed. And also need to know about: do make any adjustment to the equipment only when you're a maintenance engineer, or the equipment might break down easily due to improper operation.

 

Делови за замена: When replacement parts are required, ensure that the service technician uses the replacement parts specified by the manufacturer or those with the same characteristics as the original parts. The unauthorized replacement may cause fire, electric shock, or other hazards.

 

други

 

Вода и влага: do not use equipment near water: for example, near a bathtub, washbasin, kitchen sink or washing basin; In the damp basement; Or close to the swimming pool or any similar wet or humid place.

 

Стабилност: do not place equipment on unstable surfaces. The equipment may fall, cause serious injury to yourself or others, and cause serious damage to the equipment. It is best to install all broadcasting equipment on the rack or bracket recommended by the supplier or sell it with the equipment.

 

молња: to provide additional protection for your equipment during thunderstorms, or when it is left unattended and unused for a long time, unplug it from the wall socket and disconnect any antenna or cable system. This will prevent damage to the equipment caused by lightning and power line surge.

 

Objects and liquids: do not push any type of objects into the equipment through the opening, as they may come into contact with dangerous voltage points or short-circuit parts, resulting in equipment damage, fire, or electric shock. Plus, take care of your radio equipment, and let no other things be placed on top of the equipment or other non-related materials such as water or other liquids to be applied on the surface of the equipment, they are not pressure-resistance or waterproof.

 

Инспекција за безбедност: after completing any service or repair of the product, ask the service technician to conduct a safety inspection to determine whether the equipment is in normal operation.

 

Wall or ceiling mounting: equipment can only be installed on walls or ceilings in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.

 

Топлина: the equipment shall be kept away from heat sources, such as radiators, heat regulators, furnaces, or other heat-generating products (including amplifiers).

How to Maintain an FM transmitter Station? 5 Key Ways

 

Општо одржување

 

1.    Replace the electronic parts of the main / standby broadcasting equipment, such as an electronic tube, etc

 

2.    Use the spectrum analyzer to check whether the harmonic has proper attenuation, and scan the antenna and transmission line to ensure that it is on the frequency and has sufficient bandwidth to transmit an FM signal

 

3.    Check whether the electric tank and generator work normally. If fuel is used for power generation, check its oil level and refill the oil tank

 

4.    Check whether the paint on the internal and external walls of the site fades or falls, and repair it in time

 

Неделен општо одржување

 

1.    Record the work log and special data of core broadcast equipment such as broadcast transmitter and STL systems, such as abnormal forward / reflected power of broadcast transmitter or signal strength value of STL system, and make maintenance in time. Don't forget the overload maintenance work, check whether there is any abnormality by resetting any overload

 

2.    Keep the working environment of the equipment dry and tidy, and ensure that there are no serious factors from the outside, such as water leakage from the roof, electricity leakage from the socket, or wind entering the station due to wall damage. Clean up the room in time to provide a good working environment for maintenance personnel

 

3.    Ensure the integrity of the monitoring system. Since the equipment value of the radio room is very high, and it is unrealistic to send personnel to stay in the radio room (especially some small radio rooms), it is necessary to check whether the monitoring system is complete, including power supply system, camera, cable arrangement, etc. if there is any damage, it shall be repaired in time

 

Месечно општо одржување

 

1.    In addition to completing the maintenance work in weekly units, it is also necessary to add some spare core equipment and complete multimeter logs, for example, connect a spare radio broadcast transmitter with a dummy load, so as to avoid radio dead air.

 

2.    Check the infrastructure inside the machine room, such as pipeline, oil tank, water tank, smoke alarm, generator, etc., to ensure the normal operation of these infrastructures, and avoid the burst due to excessive internal pressure, which might be resulting in some pipeline leakage, oil leakage of the generator oil tank and other accidents

 

3.    Check whether the surrounding of the broadcasting station is open enough, especially in the summer when plants grow wildly. In order to obtain a wider coverage of the broadcasting antenna, it is necessary to ensure that the surrounding spaces are open enough. If necessary, cut down those tall vegetations

 

4.    Check whether the fence of the broadcasting tower and the ground on the tower are firm enough, and lock the entrance of the tower to ensure that no one can easily enter

 

5.    Calibrate the remote control instrument with the transmitter instrument

 

Quarterly general maintenance

 

Покрај месечните работи за одржување, треба навреме да се одржува и дел од незабележаната инфраструктура, особено за важната радиодифузна опрема, како што се FM ексцитер и STL системот, а во меѓувреме, филтерот за воздух, кулната светилка и проверката на бојата итн. потребни

 

Yearly Must-have Maintenance

 

1.    In addition to completing the maintenance task of quarterly work, it is also necessary to check the licenses and authorizations of all radio rooms to ensure that all business licenses have been updated. When the local radio administration checks the room, you will not be fined

 

2.    Clean the main / standby transmitters, but make sure that one of the transmitters is in working condition. Check whether the generator and related circuits and equipment work normally

 

3.    Conduct a comprehensive inspection of the antenna system, including transmission system, antenna tower, and corresponding infrastructure

 

Bonus Part: FCC Self-inspection items

 

1.    General items: tower lamp and tower paint inspection

 

2.    Monthly items: safety check for the tower fence, make sure it is secure and locked

 

3.    Quarterly items: frequency check of all exciters, STL receivers, TSL transmitters, and logs.

 

4.    Annually items: accuracy check for all licenses and authorizations, to ensure that all licenses are updated and ready-steady for being checked

 

What are the 4 Main Expenses for a Radio Station?

When you have a very professional knowledge system of broadcasting equipment, you can be either the station master of the broadcasting station or the equipment maintenance personnel.

 

However, most station masters are not necessarily good at radio equipment maintenance as those RF expert engineers do, and the recruitment expense of an expert radio equipment maintenance engineer is very high, so the overall expense of general broadcasting station equipment maintenance is unimaginable

 

Additionally, when those broadcasting equipment suppliers who can provide you with professional equipment repair and maintenance services are hundreds of kilometers away from you, or even in some places on the other side of the ocean, you will pay several times the expense of ordinary equipment maintenance: because you have to send that maintenance-needed equipment to the supplier across the ocean

 

Of course, you can also follow their suggestions: to buy or rent new parts near your radio station to replace the damaged ones, but in any case, you will pay for the maintenance strategy you choose.

 

For radio station owners in some developing countries, it is unreasonable to send that bulky radio broadcast equipment back to the equipment manufacturer across thousands of miles. The high freight and agency maintenance expenses are overwhelming them.

 

FMUSER hereby puts forward some necessary equipment maintenance expenses and common methods to reduce these expenses, hoping to help some radio station owners get rid of the problem of high operation and maintenance expenses. Common equipment maintenance expenses include:

 

1. Expenses for транспорт

 

дефиниција

 

When your radio station equipment needs to be mailed to the equipment supplier, you will bear the expense of this mailing equipment

 

How to Lower the Transportation Expense?

 

You can share the high express expenses through reasonable negotiation and communication with the equipment supplier. You can also find a local broadcast equipment maintenance service provider and pay a certain maintenance fee to obtain the corresponding equipment maintenance services.

 

But this is usually NOT SAFE: you cannot estimate whether the equipment maintenance expenses and maintenance standards provided by third parties meet the standards.

 

If your radio station equipment still doesn't work as smoothly as it did before even after hundreds of dollars of the maintenance expense, you may need to buy the same equipment from the supplier again, which will be another expense.

 

2. Expenses for Лабораторија

 

дефиниција

 

Your broadcasting equipment needs professional maintenance, so you need to pay for those who provide you with the maintenance services

 

Some potential labor expenses includes:

 

l  Платата на персоналот за одржување на опремата

 

l  The maintenance expense of technical personnel of equipment suppliers (one-time or hourly)

 

l  The expense of equipment express personnel (often paid to express companies at one time)

 

l  The commuting expense of equipment suppliers (if you are close to your equipment supplier and you prefer to arrange technicians for on-site maintenance, you will need to pay some expenses of the personnel from your equipment suppliers, such as accommodation and transportation expenses)

 

How to Lower the Labor Expense?

 

In any case, you can't avoid the expenditure of manual maintenance expenses, unless you want to take over all radio broadcasting work alone, you must then take the manual maintenance expense as an important part of radio station equipment maintenance expenditure

 

Truth is, even in some radio stations in developed countries and regions, the manual maintenance expense is still an inevitable topic, but through some reasonable radio maintenance planning, you can greatly reduce unnecessary manual maintenance expenses.

 

For example, by comparing the expense of equipment express delivery and maintenance by equipment suppliers with the expense of hiring equipment maintenance workers, you can easily make an equipment maintenance plan that best meets your budget.

 

Compared with the maintenance services provided by the third party (such as equipment supplier or local maintenance company), you should get more familiar with the basic maintenance and overhauling work for radio equipment, and constantly learn and practice.

 

Only in this way can help you establish the awareness of equipment maintenance, reduce maintenance expenses, and makes long-term operation possible for the radio station in a healthy way.

 

3. Expenses for Equipment Fixing

 

дефиниција

 

Radio station equipment such as high power FM transmitters, in addition to the aluminum alloy shell and some input and output interfaces, there are also many core parts, such as amplifiers, tuners, circuit boards, etc. To repair or replace these core parts will be expensely.

 

If you are far away from the radio equipment supplier, and by chance, some core parts of your radio equipment just burn out, you may have to repeatedly order those taxes-included parts from the supplier's websites and pay for high freight expenses.

 

Или можете да изберете да купите слични делови во близина и да побарате од вашиот инженер за одржување на опремата да ја заврши својата работа, но многу е веројатно дека малите разлики помеѓу различните делови доведат до несовпаѓање помеѓу нив и оштетената опрема за емитување, што значи дека вашите пари може да се потрошени.

 

How to Lower the Equipment Replacement Expense?

 

Ако сте загрижени за квалитетот на купената радио опрема и очекувате да го намалите времето за нејзино одржување, треба да го изберете најдобриот добавувач на опрема за радио станица пред да нарачате.

 

Но, исто така треба да сфатите дека дури и со радио опремата обезбедена од врвниот производител, долготрајната работа со големо оптоварување неизбежно ќе донесе проблеми на некои делови од машината како стареење и дефект

 

Therefore, you need to pay extra attention to the periodic radio broadcast equipment maintenance, especially those hard-to-disassemble bulky radio equipment, and record the maintenance process in the work log, so that you may reduce the maintenance expense of the same problem and the replacement expense of core parts.

 

Плус, ако некоја радио опрема не успее и има потреба од итна поправка, со цел да се спречи губењето на слушателите предизвикани од мртов воздух подолго време, треба однапред да подготвите некои делови од опремата што се карактеризираат со ранливи и често заменети потребни однапред или да контактирате со добавувачот на опремата и побарајте од нив да дадат насоки за секојдневно одржување на опремата или други услуги за одржување на интернет/на лице место.

 

4. Expenses for Equipment Maintenance

 

дефиниција

 

Equipment maintenance is very important, and you must invest a lot of energy and expense to do this work well, which can help prolong the service life of your radio equipment.

 

Важноста на планирањето на трошоците за одржување на опремата ги надминува сите оние најважни чекори. Кога конечно ќе го сфатите билансот на приходите и расходите на радио станицата, ве молиме не бидете скржави да одвоите дел од приходот како буџет за одржување на опремата

 

Ако имате одредено финансиско знаење, можете лесно да разберете дека планирањето на буџетот за одржување на опремата е всушност разумно инвестициско однесување: кога радио станицата е во континуирана работа неколку години, со многу проблеми како што се абење и стареење на опремата за емитување, одржување потоа е неизбежна.

 

But, always remember that equipment maintenance can only appropriately reduce the degree of machine wear and delay its aging.

 

You can't let them stay in your radio station forever to serve you and your audience.

 

Although there are types of radio station equipment that are essential, and the maintenance expense for this kind of equipment is always high, but if you choose to place orders for the new same equipment instead of maintaining the used one, you may pay several times the maintenance expense.

 

Instead, through reasonable radio maintenance budget management, you can ensure that your radio equipment can run smoothly for a long time.

 

Even if there are some faults, you can have enough budget to ensure that the equipment maintenance plan can be carried out perfectly

 

How to Manage the Equipment Maintenance Expenses?

 

Капиталот и буџетот се вечна тема за секој сопственик на радио станица, што е и основна основа за опстанокот на една радио станица.

 

Once the equipment fails, you can either choose to carry out the maintenance work yourself or hand it over to your equipment supplier, but no matter which way, you will bear a lot of equipment maintenance expenses

 

Постојат неколку идеи кои ќе ви помогнат правилно да управувате со вашиот буџет за одржување на опремата:

 

- Always remember to create a monthly income&expense list

 

- Ask yourself that, are those expenses really necessary?

 

- Know the difference between one-time&ongoing expenses

  

What are the 10 Important Roles in a Radio Station?

 

1. Announcer

 

The announcers speak for the radio station, they are responsible for radio broadcasting, advertising and service announcements, etc.

 

2. Chief engineer

 

The chief technician of the radio station, responsible for technical personnel supervision, equipment maintenance and regulation, on-site control of radio, compliance and legal inspection of radio stations, etc.

 

3. Maintenance Engineer

 

Similar to the responsibilities of chief engineer, it is specially responsible for equipment maintenance or overhaul of broadcasting equipment after receiving complaints from listeners

 

4. Music Director

 

Responsible for handling the radio music library, formulating the radio marketing activity plan, public relations, etc

 

5. News director

 

Responsible for maintaining the news sources and program production of radio broadcasting, guiding and supervising the personnel of the news department, etc

 

6. On-air personalities

 

Responsible for telling the actual broadcast story. He is the spokesman of the radio station, which is different from the announcer

 

7. Production director

 

Responsible for the output of radio programs and some logistics, and supervising the fluency of the process of radio program output

 

8. Program director

 

Responsible for the regulation and supervision of the final content of radio programs

 

9. Promotions Director

 

Responsible for the external image publicity of the radio station and the formulation of promotional activities

 

10. Station Manager

 

Responsible for all daily affairs of the radio station, such as personnel recruitment and training, making radio program broadcasting schedule, managing radio station finance, etc

 

Ако имате доволно буџет за регрутирање, лесно можете да имате група квалификувани радио персонал кој може да биде одговорен за секојдневната употреба и управување со вашата радио станица и да ви помогне да ја споделите комплицираната работа за одржување на радиото.

 

Можете исто така да искористите шанса да регрутирате одреден број практиканти или волонтери на радио во заедницата, соодветно. Иако ова може да го зголеми товарот за управување со персоналот, тоа е исто така добар начин да се обезбеди безбедно функционирање на радио опремата, особено кога одреден персонал за одржување на опремата е отсутен од работа.

10 Key Supply that Every Radio Station Should Have

 

Radio station staff is an important factor to ensure the normal operation of the radio station.

 

Therefore, please provide your subordinates with a high-quality radio working environment and ensure and maintain the construction of infrastructure, which can not only improve the efficiency of radio station staff but also attract more radio station guests and enhance their goodwill for your radio station!

 

Many customers will ask FMUSER "What to consider before building a professional radio broadcast station?" The answer is actually very simple, listed as follows:

 

1. Stable Living Supply

 

Stable water and electricity supply makes high-quality radio program broadcasting possible. Don't forget to provide the necessary living conditions for the continuous operation of the radio station!

 

2. Rooms with Different Functions

 

- Smoking room

- Recording room

- Lounge

- Bathroom

- итн.

 

Even children's toy area can be designed according to your budget!

 

3. Daily Necessities

 

- Water dispensers

- Paper towels

- Teapots

- Coffee machines

- итн.

 

Even washing machines can also be listed, let's make everyone feel at home!

 

4. Necessary Furnitures

 

- Sofas

- Chairs

- Tables

- итн.

 

Always remember to provide your guests and collegues with extra ares for rest and work!

  

5 Електрични уреди

 

- Air conditioners

- Refrigerators

- Microwave ovens

- итн. 

 

You only need to meet the daily needs of the radio studio staff, that's all!

 

6. Studio Lightings

 

- Table lamp

- Chandelier

- Spotlight

-И сл.

 

Without these, the line of sight of everyone in the studio may be affected!

 

7. Studio Decoration

 

- Design style

- Radio layout.

- итн.

 

Let's make a good first impression on radio guests!

 

8. Safety Design

 

- Moisture-proof

- Fire prevention

- Вентилација

- итн.

 

You will never want your efforts to be wasted!

 

9. Special Supplies

 

- Medical masks

- Sterilized alcohol

- Thermometer

 

Take the radio studio as your second home!

 

10. Sanitary Conditions

 

Под глобалната епидемија на Ковид-19, неопходно е да се посвети големо внимание на личната превенција и контрола, особено во некои затворени простори како што е радио студио.

 

Затоа, за да се обезбедат санитарните услови на радио станиците, треба да се направат два чекора: Основна санитарна и епидемиска превенција и контрола

 

Лична хигиена

- Disinfection

- Marking and unified storage of personal belongings

- Keeping hands clean when handling equipment

- Keeping a clean and tidy dressing

- No spitting

- No littering

- итн.

 

Studio Hygiene

 

Always remember to periodically clean the radio studio, including:

 

- House pest removal

- Dust collection

- Garbage cleaning

- Desktop cleaning

- Carpet cleaning

- Ф.urniture polishing

- итн.

 

Превенција и контрола на COVID-19

 

- Temperature detection for guests

- Masks always on and not taking off if unnecessary

- Always remember to use alcohol to disinfect used broadcasting equipment by guests

- Preparing disposable daily necessities for guests,

- итн.

 

A clean and tidy studio always makes people feel happy!

6 Useful Tips to Improve Radio Station Equipment Mangement

 

Broadcasting equipment maintenance is different from ordinary product maintenance. Broadcasting equipment is more precise and usually has a higher maintenance expense. Therefore, before conducting any equipment maintenance in the radio studio, you should first consider two key factors: maintenance personnel and maintenance budget

 

Накратко, работната сила и ресурсите се незаменливи фактори што треба да се земат предвид при одржувањето на опремата на радиостаниците. Тие се тесно поврзани едни со други. Соодветните средства за одржување на опремата и буџетите за регрутирање честопати можат да регрутираат подобар персонал за одржување на опремата, додека другите ресурси, како што се деталните планови за одржување на опремата, може да ја засилат улогата на работната сила и средствата и да помогнат во водењето на целиот процес на одржување на опремата за емитување.

 

Вреди да се напомене дека без оглед на тоа како ќе вложиме напори за детални планови за одржување на опремата, секогаш ќе има неочекувани промени што може да се случат за време на вистинското одржување.

 

1. Prepare Product Manuals Copies

 

To avoid any important maintenance information missing, each kind of radio studio equipment shall have a few copies of main and spare product instructions.

 

2. Find Leadership

 

A special person shall be named and be responsible for safety training for radio staff and unified equipment management

 

3. Write Radio Equipment Guideline

 

Writing product manuals or acquire manuals from equipment suppliers for some frequently used broadcasting equipment, or to attach some equipment FAQs that may appear, and post precautions when using the equipment in some conspicuous places to avoid any accidental damage to the radio equipment.

 

4. Conduct Internal Training

 

periodically conduct internal training for broadcast studio personnel, explain the use methods and precautions of various studio equipment, and regularly spot-check the training effect

  

5. Locate the Best Equipment Setting Places

 

You will never know why that broadcasting equipment will be damaged for some reasons, which may be an inadvertent man-made collision or deliberate breaking or twisting of the equipment.

 

Therefore, in addition to internal training and avoiding the use of force on broadcasting equipment, you can also prepare a special place for radio equipment and protect it, for example, find a place where adults can reach the equipment but children can't, or paste some warning stickers for the use of the equipment, so as to reduce the excessive contact between the studio equipment and the third party in the non-working state

 

6. Maintenance Fault Reporting

 

Maintenance personnel shall be arranged to report technical problems in time when the equipment in the broadcasting studio go wrong and don't forget the equipment maintenance is technician-only

 

„Човек ќе се грижи за својата работа“

 

7. Build Your Radio Team

 

Even if you can claim that you are a radio station director, RF technician, and equipment maintenance engineer at the same time, but the truth is you have only 24 hours a day, it may take you several hours for the equipment that needs regular maintenance, and that's only a part of radio station daily works, you may also need to take some time recording the equipment feedback: you are likely to miss some key information in this process

 

Па зошто да не се обидете да ги распределите овие задачи на одреден персонал? Мислам, ако имате тим на радио... Можете да ја координирате нивната работа, да побарате од нив да направат детален извештај за работата и да дадете некои предлози, каде што може да дадете целосна игра во ваша најголема корист

8. List Your Monthly Expenses and Savings

 

Одржувањето и ремонтот на опремата треба да бидат главен приоритет на работата на радиото. Дури и ако мислите дека сè уште има многу други фактори поважни од ова, ќе платите болна цена ако некоја радио опрема престане да работи за време на стриминг на радио програми поради недостаток на одржување.

 

Ова ве потсетува да ги наведете месечните трошоци и заштедите на вашата радио станица, за да го распределите буџетот за одржување и купување навремено и разумно.

 

Especially for some radio stations that are sensitive to expense and budget, it is very wise to save part of the radio station's monthly income for equipment maintenance, overhaul and purchase, even if you may not use the money temporarily, but you can't guarantee that you won't have to replace any radio equipment or carry out any maintenance and overhaul on the radio equipment in the future.

 

Дополнително, ако секој месец одвојувате дел од вашите заштеди како буџет за одржување на опремата, може да ви даде мир на умот.

 

Is it a Necessary expense or an Unnecessary expense?

 

Секогаш ќе има некои неважни трошоци во вашите квартални финансиски извештаи на станицата, но сите трошоци се неопходни и разумни за одржување на опремата на радио станицата.

 

Доколку откриете дека некои непотребни трошоци се поголеми од потребните трошоци, треба да бидете внимателни дали вашите приходи се користат на некои неважни места и да направите навремено прилагодување според фактичката состојба.

 

Is it an One-time expense or an Ongoing expense?

 

Every staff in a radio station, from the station manager, RF engineer to the radio host, does hope that the investment of all radio equipment is a one-time expense, which is reasonable.

 

If most of the equipment needs to be replaced frequently, it will undoubtedly add a huge expense to the station owner. For the station engineer, This means additional equipment installation and testing workload.

 

За радио водителот, тоа значи дека треба да потроши повеќе време за учење како да ја користи опремата.

 

A one-time expense investment, such as some audio input equipment and furniture, may be used in your radio station for many years if properly maintained; Some equipment parts may need to be replaced frequently in order to maintain their good working condition

 

Други трошоци за одржување на радиото, како што се дневен билет, комуналии, итн. Тоа се постојани трошоци.

 

Ако вашиот буџет е недоволен, ќе треба да намалите некои еднократни трошоци и да го префрлите овој дел од буџетот како трошоци за одржување на опремата во случај на потреба.

 

9. Find an Expert Supplier

 

Ако имате стручен добавувач на опрема за радио станица, ЧЕСТИТКИ! Често може да стекнете релативно комплетно решение за радио клуч, што значи дека покрај основната опрема на радио станицата, ќе бидат обезбедени и некои специјални услуги, како што се инсталација на опрема, одржување на опремата и услуга по продажбата.

 

Меѓутоа, дали вашиот добавувач на опрема ги обезбедува овие услуги или не, зависи од вашата побарувачка и буџет. На радио станиците во земјите и регионите во развој често им се потребни услуги со клуч на рака, од комплетни списоци со опрема за радио станици до инсталација и одржување. Причината е главно поради недостатокот на стручност за радиодифузија и недоволниот буџет.

 

Some station managers will install and maintain every station equipment themselves. However, it may arise some unnecessary damage to the equipment due to improper operation, which may increase the equipment maintenance expense.

 

Therefore, when looking for reliable equipment suppliers at the early stage of the radio station construction plan, in addition to learning equipment maintenance expertise, you also need to communicate the further maintenance services with the equipment suppliers, especially those with cooperation intention.

 

Only in this way, when your radio station lacks equipment maintenance experience or is helpless in the face of equipment problems that are difficult to fix up, you can contact the radio station equipment supplier for help.

 

Следниве се некои барања за одржување на опремата за радио станица што често ги прашуваат некои од нашите клиенти кога бараат долгорочна соработка:

 

l  Обезбедете целосен план за одржување на опремата за следните неколку години по успешното основање на станицата

l  Обезбедете прирачник и упатства за одржување на бесплатна опрема за емитување

l  When some broadcasting equipment needs mail maintenance, they shall jointly bear the express expense

l  Обезбедете разумна онлајн поддршка за одржување на опремата, вклучувајќи телефон и мрежа

l  Обезбедете упатство за одржување на лице место за персоналот за одржување на опремата

l  Во рамките на рокот на гаранцијата, делови или опрема може да се заменат во случај на оштетување на машината предизвикано од некои нечовечки фактори

 

итн ..

 

Забелешка: кога разговарате за овие услуги за одржување со добавувачот на опрема, ве молиме имплементирајте ги во договорот или текстот и запишете што ви ветил добавувачот на опремата

 

FMUSER е професионален производител на радио опрема од Кина. Тие обезбедуваат висококвалитетни решенија за купувачите на радио опрема со различни буџети, вклучувајќи комплетни пакети опрема за радиостаници, комплетни системи за пренос на радио и внимателна техничка поддршка.

 

Во исто време, FMUSER е исто така доверлив стручен менаџер за радио станици, можеме да им помогнеме на сите видови радио станици да вршат секојдневно управување со работата и одржувањето. Почнувајќи од вашиот буџет, ние исто така можеме да ви помогнеме да го формулирате најдобриот деловен план за поставување на вашата ексклузивна радио станица.

 

Ајде да разговараме за светлата иднина на радио емитување со FMUSER!

 

4 Pratical Ways to File up Your Radio Station Business

 

The files of the radio studio equipment are almost as important as the equipment itself, plus, there is a variety of broadcast equipment in the studio, and their respective working standards are different, so the corresponding maintenance methods are also different.

 

You may not have the same complete product knowledge system as your radio equipment supplier, and some detailed information is kept as a business secret and goes unlisted online.

 

Therefore, it is almost impossible for you to obtain the same printed info on the manuals by Googling in a short time, especially for some important manuals.Moreover, these materials are parts of your paid goods. Please keep in mind the importance of these materials.

 

If you lose them, you may not be able to obtain the same manual from the equipment supplier for free again. Therefore, remember to file up these "free products"

 

1. Organize the Important Equipment Files

 

The product manual may be one of the most important pieces of radio studio files. It contains all the important information of the corresponding product from the name, model, parameters, maintenance, etc.

 

Some professional radio equipment suppliers will provide complete radio studio turnkey solutions. They will not only design the studio equipment package that best meets your budget for your radio but also provide on-site installation and commissioning of the equipment (if conditions permit) and leave wiring diagrams of each studio equipment.

 

When conducting weekly or monthly equipment maintenance, especially in the maintenance of radio equipment wiring, the wiring diagram can accurately help us locate the fault.

 

In addition, you can also take photos or videos of the equipment installation and commissioning site and record the whole process. When your Engineer has no equipment maintenance clues, these photos and videos can make him flash.

 

2. Create a Unique Recording Log

 

If you were the radio station manager, you are obliged for the stable operation of the radio studio and transmitting system, which means that you need to record the overall radio broadcast process from the start to the end, including broadcast project details, equipment that is used, etc., which contains all your experiences and observations.Therefore, this recording log should be unique.

 

The RF and maintenance engineers are responsible for respectively for broadcast field control and equipment maintenance. But not all radio station managers are RF engineers.

 

For radio station engineers, a personal record log is also required, but the recorded content may be more inclined to equipment maintenance and solutions.

 

3. Homebrew Equipment Manual

 

This is more like an equipment tutorial. Maintenance personnel can record some key information, and edit and organize it into a product usage tutorial, such as default parameter settings recording of the equipment before power on, or record how to correctly and safely turn on/off the equipment, or to record equipment system backup process, or recording types of equipment that was already applied, etc.

 

The overall equipment working recording provides a more efficient way for maintenance work.

 

It is also a good handbook, which enables a lower training expense and helps you greatly reduce the operation and maintenance expense of the radio station, for the radio newbies, they can understand more about how a radio station works.

 

4. Unified Storage for the Filing

 

Of course, the most important thing is to find a place where these important data can be stored uniformly and safely, whether it is the product manual, equipment wiring diagram, or pictures and videos of the installation site, etc.

 

FMUSER highly recommends that to collect all the needed files of each radio studio equipment in time and gather up them in an easy to access, dry and normal temperature place, don't forget to take moisture-proof packaging measures.

 

When equipment maintenance needs to be conducted in time, the maintenance team can respond quickly and obtain the relevant equipment maintenance materials at the first time

3 Types of Managements In a Professional Radio Station

 

In any case, the station manager should be responsible for all affairs of the station, but the station manager alone cannot achieve large-scale personnel and equipment management.

 

Therefore, it is necessary to formulate a detailed station maintenance management plan and implement it periodically

 

1. Management for Radio Station Equipment

 

Аудио опрема, мебел, електрични апарати, па дури и брави на вратите. Без оглед на видот на опремата, треба да ја броите целата опрема на радио станицата и студиската опрема што сте ја купиле, да ги класифицирате имињата на оваа опрема и да ги внесете во вашата компјутерска база на податоци за складирање.

 

Во исто време, треба да го именувате и одговорното лице за секој оддел. Кога има некои посебни проблеми на страницата за емитување, како што е суспензијата на програмата предизвикана од дефект на машината, секој оддел може брзо да реагира.

 

The equipment maintenance personnel will be responsible for the machine maintenance and maintenance log recording, and the public relations work responsible for explaining the reasons for the suspension to the audience will be handed over to the host.

 

The person in charge of the on-site command will be handed over to the main person in charge, etc... everything seems to be in order, right? The premise is that you have made arrangements for this broadcasting equipment and the corresponding person in charge!

 

2. Management for Every Radio Personnel

 

Радио водителот, инженерот за RF, персоналот на лице место, момчето за осветлување, па дури и гостите на радио, сите овие улоги носат различни задачи. Недостатокот на кој било од нив ќе доведе до губење на соодветното течно емитување на вашата радио програма.

 

If you were a radio station manager, you should be familiar with the radio program process in advance.

 

And monitor every part of the whole process from program production to broadcasting, and respond in time when some staff leave suddenly or ask for leave, so as to improve the overall work efficiency of the radio and ensure the normal broadcasting of radio programs

 

3. Management for Radio Broadcasting

 

The production process of radio programs, the maintenance process of radio equipment, the personnel transfer process, etc... you should establish special documents to record the repeated work process of each radio station.

 

When you are ready to recruit new radio staff, you can train them through these records to ensure a better operation for the radio station

Повеќе
повеќе

Испраќам барање

Испраќам барање

    КОНТАКТИРАЈТЕ НЕ

    contact-email
    контакт-лого

    FMUSER INTERNATIONAL GROUP LIMITED.

    Ние секогаш им обезбедуваме на нашите клиенти доверливи производи и внимателни услуги.

    Доколку сакате да одржувате контакт директно со нас, ве молиме одете на контактирајте не

    • Home

      Почетна

    • Tel

      Тел

    • Email

      Е-пошта

    • Contact

      контакт